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What Is Plasma, and Why Should You Donate?

Plasma is the straw-colored liquid portion of blood comprised of water, salts, and proteins.

Plasma is the clear liquid portion of blood that exists after both red and white cells are removed. It makes up approximately 60% of blood and is composed of 90% water. Plasma protein therapies are medicines made from donated plasma. These therapies are used to treat many rare, chronic, conditions. This includes primary immunodeficiencies, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, hereditary angioedema, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, Rh incompatibility cardiopulmonary needs, pediatric HIV, burn victims, hepatitis, certain liver conditions, shock/trauma victims, and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia.

Your body’s plasma contains numerous proteins, which are essential for the proper functioning of the body. If a person has insufficient levels of anyone plasma protein, his or her body cannot carry out vital functions, causing a variety of chronic and life-threatening medical conditions. However, due to its unique biological composition, it cannot be prepared synthetically. These patients can only rely on plasma donors.

How Is Plasma Collected?

Individuals may donate plasma through a process called plasmapheresis. Plasmapheresis is a sterile, self-contained, automated process, which separates plasma from other cellular components, which are returned to the donor.

One patient wanting to treat primary immunodeficiency disease needs 130
donations. About 900 donations are needed to treat alpha-1 antitrypsin
deficiency. Around 1200 donations are required to treat one patient with
Hemophilia A.

How Is Plasma Used In Everyday Medicine?

In addition to helping those with rare, chronic diseases, plasma protein
therapies are used in everyday medicine. This includes emergencies and surgical medicine to treat animal bites, Hepatitis, organ transplants, shock, burns, pediatric HIV, trauma, liver conditions, cardiopulmonary issues, and RH incompatibility.

How Do You Become A Qualified Donor?

To receive Qualified Donor status, a prospective donor must undergo two
satisfactory health screenings and negative test results within six months.
Until you meet this requirement, your plasma will not be used to manufacture therapies. This policy is important to help ensure the quality and safety of the therapies that patients need to treat life-threatening diseases.

Patients with chronic illness rely on donors like you to help keep them
alive. In addition to saving lives donors also aid in the process of developing
medicines for our everyday lives. That is why donating plasma is so important. For more information on plasma, visit pptaglobal.org.